Cause and Manner of Death
Cause of Death: The underlying medical condition, disease or injury that begins a lethal chain of events resulting in death.
Manner of Death: Describes the way in which a death occurs, which may be Homicide, Suicide, Accidental, Natural or Undetermined.
With the loss of a loved one, families are often left with many unanswered questions. I have spent most of my career answering these questions. As a Pennsylvania State Trooper, I prided myself in ensuring the families understood the cause and manner of death no matter what this may be. Now, as an independent party, I find it even more important that families find peace and understanding in the conclusions drawn by the coroner’s office and law enforcement.
I have investigated and reviewed hundreds of cases relating to death. Over the years I have developed courses on how to successfully investigate these cases which I continue to teach. In some unique cases, the cause or manner of death can be misinterpreted by investigators. In these cases, a second review of the investigation can help determine the true cause or manner of death. I will share all my findings with law enforcement to assist them in finding the truth.
Child abuse or child maltreatment: The physical, sexual, and/or psychological maltreatment or neglect of a child or children, especially by a parent or a caregiver.
Child abuse may include any act or failure to act by a parent or a caregiver that results in actual or potential harm to a child, and can occur in a child’s home, or in the organizations, schools, or communities the child interacts with. I have dedicated my professional career protecting children from any form of abuse. I continue to work tirelessly to protect our children. For years I have developed and presented courses on how to conduct these investigations. I understand the roles of Children and Youth Services, Law Enforcement, Prosecutors, and the Child Advocacy Centers. I am dedicated to helping families through the process of an investigation and understanding the outcomes